Four phases or principals are utilized to develop this comprehensive
approach. The 4 cyclic phases are depicted in the graphic above.
This phase develops the plans used by communities during an emergency
or disaster. It looks at the hazards within a community to determine the
risks that could impact the population. Based upon the hazards and
risks, a generic plan is developed which can be followed in any
emergency or disaster. It provides a guide for all responding agencies,
both public and private.
Some common hazards planned for within Ramsey County are:
If certain hazards or risks can be minimized prior to the emergency or
disaster, it can significantly reduce or eliminate the necessary
response. An example of mitigation is building an earthen dike to
protect the community from flooding. Another would be creating routes
for trucks carrying hazardous materials within a community. The routes
would assure that the traffic creates the least risk to the community
should an accident occur.
The mobilization of resources to meet an emergency or disaster. Based
upon the plan developed, a coordinated response can be activated to save
lives, protect property and prevent damage to the environment. It is
not always possible to avoid an emergency or disaster, but one can
hopefully lessen its impact.
The period following an emergency or disaster that gathers the
resources to allow a community to return to near normal activities.
During this recovery phase a community may have an opportunity to change
or rebuild in such a manner to further reduce the risks to the
community. That takes planning which identifies what mitigating actions
could lessen the response and the need to recover.
For more information, contact Kristen Nelsen, your local Emergency Manager.